Winter landscape photography is a lot of fun – and it doesn’t have to be hard, either, assuming you know the right techniques.
In this article, I’ll share five critical winter landscape tips so you can start capturing beautiful snowy landscapes like the pros.
Specifically, I’ll discuss:
So if you’re ready to take your winter images to the next level, then let’s dive right in, starting with my first tip:
After a few days of heavy snowfall, the landscape is completely white: white trees, white lakes, white mountains, and (normally) a white sky. And when everything is white, it’s quite challenging to find a compositional focal point, as nothing really catches the eye.
So what do you do?
You look for contrast – either color contrast, where you find a splash of red, blue, or green against the white – or tonal contrast, such as a splash of darkness against the bright snow.
Here’s an example of color contrast, where I found a red house against a white and gray background:
The red color is what makes this picture interesting. Without it, the scene would lack a focal point and the viewer’s eyes would have no place to rest, which would make for a bad shot.
Happily, contrast is easy to find on snowy days, because it’ll catch your eye just the same as it’ll catch a photo viewer’s eye. So you can just go around with your camera, searching for an eye-catching element or two. Make sense?
By the way, I find red color contrast to be particularly pleasing in winter landscape scenes, but search for any dominant color or tonal variation. Perhaps there’s an autumn leaf laying on top of a thin layer of snow, or maybe it’s a few skiers wearing red jackets, or a dark mountain surrounded by white. Just find a dominant color or tone in the otherwise white landscape, then use careful composition techniques to make it a standout focal point.
Say that you can’t find tonal or color contrast. You can still make great images, even with an utterly white landscape. You just need to use this trick:
Overexpose your image.
You see, if the landscape is white – especially if it’s snowing – a winter image can benefit from being a stop or two brighter. Just avoid clipping the highlights.
For instance, check out this image, which features very little tonal or color contrast:
I’ve added a bit of overexposure, so that the snow at the bottom of the frame is a near-pure white, and the sky at the top of the frame features a featureless white, as well. The snow-covered trees in the middle of the image, however, offer a desaturated green that almost looks gray, and it gives an interesting, even ghostly, sense of atmosphere. I also love how the slight overexposure helps convey just how cold you were when the shot was taken, plus it provides a sense of wonderful calmness.
The technique won’t work for every image. But plenty of snow landscape photography can benefit from a bit of brightness, plus it’ll help you retain detail in the shadows, which is always a good thing.
By the way, I’d recommend overexposing the shot by reducing the shutter speed. But make sure you have a sturdy tripod, and watch out for falling snow; a long exposure plus heavy snowflakes can white out your shot completely, so make sure to preview your LCD often, and don’t be afraid to raise your ISO or widen your aperture if necessary.
Technically, you can choose your white balance in camera or – if you’re photographing in RAW – in post-processing. Either of these options work well, though sometimes it’s nice to see a preview of the white balance in camera, so don’t shy away from doing it that way (and remember: you can always change it later!).
Anyway, the point here is that winter is cold, so a beautifully cold white balance looks gorgeous, like this:
Note how the cool colors enhance the shot. The image feels frigid, wouldn’t you say? That’s thanks to the color balance.
Now, I don’t recommend you go overboard. You don’t need your shot to look like it came from a blue alien planet. But feel free to push the white balance, experiment, and see what you get!
You’re also free to experiment in post-processing, assuming you’ve shot in RAW. You can use the Temperature slider to move back and forth between warm and cool effects, and you can determine what you prefer.
The blue hour refers to the time just before sunrise and just after sunset, when the sun sits below the horizon and the world goes all beautiful and blue.
You still have enough light to shoot, yet nothing is lit directly. The light is soft and gorgeous.
And it works great for winter landscape photography.
You see, the soft light caresses the snow, making for a fairytale effect. And if your photo includes streetlights or house lights, the composition can turn even more magical. Here’s an example blue hour image:
See the magical effect? And do you see how the lights from the cabins look truly gorgeous against the cold background?
Spend a few days shooting during blue hour, and you’ll realize that it’s cold, dark, and sometimes snowy. In other words, during the blue hour, you’ll probably want to stay inside underneath a blanket.
But do yourself a favor. Force yourself to put on a coat, grab that camera, and get outside. The images will be worth it, even if the cold hits you like a blast in the face!
Note: You can still capture beautiful snowy landscape shots during sunrise and sunset, or even in the middle of the day. But if I was able to choose just one time of day to head out with my camera during winter, it would be the blue hour. It really is that amazing.
When it comes to photographing in cold climates, this last strategy is absolutely essential. Batteries drain much quicker in winter, and if you shoot mirrorless or you use Live View for most shots, you’ll soon find yourself heading home – unless you remember to bring plenty of extra batteries.
One tip that winter landscape photographers often use: keep the spare batteries in an inner pocket of a jacket. That way, the batteries stay warm, which prevents fast drainage.
(Make sure, however, you don’t put your camera in your coat. That may cause the lens elements to fog up, which is very problematic.)
By the way, you can’t keep your batteries warm if you’re not warm, so you need to stay warm, as well! Always be prepared; it’s far better to bring too many layers than too few.
You should also be very careful with your equipment. Don’t change lenses in snowy conditions, keep a towel handy to wipe the snow off your camera, and – if the snow is heavy – consider using a rain cover for your camera setup.
Hopefully, you can now confidently photograph winter landscapes – so the next time you get a nice snowfall, head outside! Take some photos, appreciate the beauty, and have fun.
Now over to you:
Which of these tips do you plan to use first? Do you have any winter landscape photography tips of your own? Share your thoughts in the comments below!